Vital wheat gluten is gluten in powdered form with a high concentration of protein,which is obtained by extracting the gluten from wheat. Vital wheat gluten is widely used as a substitute for making a vegetarian meat substitute known as seitan.
In 2015, the import of wheat gluten(HS110900) reached 956 million kilograms in 131 countries and regions; USA, Norway, Netherlands became the top 3 importers. In the same year, the export volume of wheat gluten(HS110900) reached 816.5 million kilograms in 68 countries and regions; Belgium, China, France were the top 3 exporters, counting for 51.9% of global total export.
Table 1: Top 20 export countries
Table 2: Top 20 import countries
HS: 110900-wheat gluten
Source: UN Comtrade (2015)
From the above figures, we can find that Belgium is the top 1 exporter of wheat gluten, taking 18.24% of global export, followed by the China with 18.2% and France with 15.4%.
World Wheat Production
Vital wheat gluten is obtained by extracting the gluten from wheat, by washing the wheat with water until the starch contents are completely dissolved leaving behind the gluten. Wheat production in 2017 is set to fall some 20 million tonnes (2.6 percent) short of the 2016 record to reach 740 million tonnes, according to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations(FAO). 60.24% of the global wheat production primarily comes from European Union, China, India, Russia, and the United States.
Source: International Grains Council
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