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SUV front-end support made from continuous-fiber-reinforced thermoplastic composite
Tepex dynalite continuous-fiber-reinforced thermoplastic composite sheets from Lanxess can be used to manufacture large, highly integrated structural components for automotive lightweight design. The Mercedes-Benz GLE SUV, for example, features a front-end support comprising two welded composite half-shells made from polypropylene-based Tepex dynalite 104-RG600(3)/47% sections measuring roughly 1.2 meters in length and 0.35 meters in width.
Both shells are manufactured in a hybrid molding process using an injection molding tool with two cavities. This involves the tailored composite pre-cuts being formed and given additional features via injection molding at the same time. “This highly integrated one-shot manufacturing process is very cost-effective and enables short cycle times. The front-end support made from the shells weighs around 30 percent less than comparable designs made of sheet steel and boasts excellent crash performance and torsional stiffness,” explains Henrik Plaggenborg, head of Tepex Automotive at the Lanxess High Performance Materials (HPM) business unit.
The front-end support is the product of collaborative development by the Mercedes-Benz Technology Center, Lanxess, and other industrial partners. Its hollow profile cross-section is, together with the strength and rigidity of the composite material, the reason behind the outstanding crash performance of the component so critical to safety. Its good mechanical resilience is also demonstrated by the fact that the component does not need to be reinforced with sheet metal in the area around the hood latch, as is usually the case with purely injection-molded front-end supports.
The front-end support features numerous openings and ducts for supplying fresh air to the engine. These are created by the injection molding stage of the hybrid molding process in combination with subsequent welding of the two half-shells. Reinforcing ribs, brackets, guide channels and openings for attachments and screw bosses are also directly integrated. “Functional integration minimizes the number of components needed to manufacture the front-end support. That cuts down on logistical effort and makes subsequent assembly quicker and easier. This likewise helps to create a cost-effective solution,” says Tilmann Sontag, project manager at HPM’s Tepex Automotive group.
The visible part has an excellent visual quality thanks to the joint development of the hybrid molding process. According to Sontag, “The reinforcing glass-fiber rovings are arranged very uniformly across the surface and give a sporty look reminiscent of carbon fiber.” There is no need to “upgrade” the component with costly paintwork or an anti-corrosion coating.
Lanxess and its automotive partners regard the front-end support as a groundbreaking development in structural lightweight design for electric vehicles. “First of all, finding a replacement for metal reduces weight, which increases the vehicle range for each battery charge. Added to that, the cost-effective hybrid molding process, functional integration and ability to skip painting help to cut the cost of electric vehicles by a considerable margin, enabling them to compete against their combustion-powered rivals,” explains Plaggenborg. Alongside supports for front ends, doors and bumpers, applications in which Tepex dynalite could potentially prove especially useful in electric vehicles include carriers for electrical and electronics modules, load compartment wells, battery housings, and covers, structural components in the vehicle’s “greenhouse” section and structural trims in the underbody area to protect the battery.
HPM provided its partners with comprehensive support in the development of the front-end support in the form of its HiAnt customer service. For example, a draping simulation was used to optimize the tool design and handling of the heated and soft Tepex pre-cut. “During transfer into the injection molding tool the pre-cut is slightly preformed, which makes the subsequent draping easier and helps to ensure high surface quality,” says Sontag. Experts from HPM also assisted in process development, sampling and the launch of series production. The services offered by HiAnt range from designing components and selecting materials to suggesting designs optimized for the expected loads and providing support for tool design, as well as helping to ensure a successful start of production.