Now, the plastics have become the concern of the society due to its pollutions to the environment.
It is investigated that in the United Kingdom, 2.5 billion disposable cups will be thrown away every year, because these cups using polyethylene as the waterproof material are not recyclable. Many other disposable containers made of cardboard glued with plastics or styrofoam cannot be recycled either. And it is known that only 9% of the plastics can be recyclable.
However, the plastics are very difficult to degrade. Burning these materials will lead to the emission of greenhouse gases and pollution to the environment.
To combat the environmental pollution caused by plastic, many companies are making efforts to develop the plastic substitutes. Now, some companies have developed ecological cups from potato starch, corn starch and cellulose (the components of plant cell walls) to replace the traditional plastics.
These plastics made from plants are completely biodegradable and can be disposed in both paper recycling and organic waste bins.
Meanwhile, some other companies are trying to work new ways to recycle and reuse the plastics, such as creating a road paving material made from recycled plastics. It will be a sustainable alternative to the oil bitumen, commonly used in the construction of roads and highways.
Many countries have also made various regulations for the use of plastics. UK will be committed to disposing of all-plastics pollutions by 2042, while France will ban disposable plastic bags. China has also made efforts to ban free plastic bags.
We believe that in the future more and more alternatives will be developed and put into production, and the plastic industry will face many new challenges and changes.