Plant fibre is a natural-fiber fabric. It is widely distributed in the seed plants. It can be divided into seed fiber, bast fiber, leaf fiber and fruit cellulose. Plant fibre is related very closely to human life, it is not only the important textile supplies in daily life ,but also as a necessary raw material for the produce of rope, packing, weaving, paper, plastic and even explosive. Plant fibre as a type of renewable resource, with its inexhaustible, green environmental protection advantages of gaining the favor of the community.
Animal fibers are natural fibers that consist largely of particular proteins, so also known as protein fiber. The breeds of animal fibers can be classified into two main groups: animal wool fibers and silk. They have the advantages of fine texture unique, soft, elastic, soft gloss, bright color and so on. And they have been widely used for producing clothing textiles, interior furnishing fabric, protective and industrial textiles, etc
Synthetic fibers are the result of extensive research by scientists to improve on naturally occurring animal and plant fibers. In general, synthetic fibers are created by extruding fiber forming materials through spinnerets into air and water, forming a thread. They are made from synthesized polymers or small molecules. The compounds that are used to make these fibers come from raw materials such as petroleum based chemicals or petrochemicals. These materials are polymerized into a long, linear chemical that bond two adjacent carbon atoms. Differing chemical compounds will be used to produce different types of fibers.